A High-standard China-EU Investment Agreement to Help Recover Through Certainty, Sustainability and Multilateralism
Ambassador Zhang Ming, Head of Chinese Mission to the EU, published an Op-Ed on South China Morning Post
13 January, 2021
After 35 rounds of talks, the marathon negotiations on the China-EU investment agreement passed the finishing line last week. This encouraging landmark achievement is thanks to all our colleagues and friends who have supported the negotiations over the past seven years. To them we should give credit for an agreement that can foster certainty in uncertain times and contribute to our shared global goals of sustainability and multilateralism.
No doubt, the agreement will help to revitalize China-EU cooperation. This deal will increase EU investors’ access to a market of 1.4 billion consumers and is inspired by state-of-the-art international economic and trade rules. It establishes an FDI management system that provides pre-establishment national treatment, or equal conditions for foreign and domestic investors, as in the EU agreements with other major economies, as well as a negative list, or specific arrangements for sectors and industries, as other EU partners have. China has for the first time committed to a negative-list approach to all sectors, services and non-services alike. And the EU commits to high-level market access for Chinese investors.
The agreement sets out balanced and comprehensive rules on the level playing field, covering a wide range of important issues such as state-owned enterprises, transparency of subsidies, transfer of technology, and standard-setting. The rules apply to both parties. This could make the business environment more predictable and give investors a greater sense of certainty, which is ever more needed amidst the pandemic fallout.
As a high-standard deal, it includes specific rules on investment-related environment and labour issues. This demonstrates both parties’ commitment to international rules and new development philosophies. The agreement will encourage a kind of sustainable investment that can promote the UN SDGs, as well as strike the right balance between investment promotion and protection of environment and labour rights. On climate, both parties are firmly committed to implementing the Paris Agreement.
The agreement will establish a more robust institutional framework for China-EU investment cooperation and address the huge mismatch between China-EU investment and trade volume. The EU takes up 5% of FDI flowing into China, and China only takes up 3.4% of total FDI in the EU, while our trade volume exceeds 600 billion EUR annually. China and the EU will be able to better integrate their capital and innovation resources and build synergy between their development strategies.
The agreement showcases the maturity, independence and resilience of the China-EU comprehensive strategic partnership. Recent years have seen profound and complex changes in the international political and economic landscape. 2020 was a particularly difficult year across the globe. Yet China and the EU have advanced their agenda against all odds, by signing the Geographical Indications Agreement and concluding the investment agreement negotiations. All of this demonstrates that for China and the EU, cooperation and convergence far outweigh competition and divergence. The investment agreement, once again, conveys a positive message of China and the EU jointly upholding multilateralism and the rules-based and open world economy, thereby boosting global confidence in economic globalization and free trade.
2021 is a crucial year for global economic recovery. China, will embrace new opportunities for further opening-up and economic transformation. The EU is promoting green and digital transitions and will before long kick-start its recovery program. All this will open up a broader horizon for China-EU cooperation across the board. We must lose no time in pushing ahead with the next steps of the investment agreement, for the benefit of our businesses and citizens.
Of course, the agreement is not the panacea to all the economic and trade issues between China and the EU. Despite differences in the level of development and actual circumstances, China and the EU should address their divergences through equal-footed consultation and in a mutually respectful and accommodative spirit. With a shared commitment to partnership and cooperation, China and the EU could get much done in terms of addressing global challenges and upholding multilateralism. I stand ready to join forces with my European colleagues to translate China-EU cooperation into concrete results on the ground.