A term used in grammatical analysis to refer to the process or result of linking linguistic units so that they have different syntactic status, one being dependent upon the other, and usually a constituent of the other. Subordinate is sometimes contrasted with superordinate. ( In this respect, it is usually distinguished from coordinate linkage, where the units are equivalent.) In endocentric phrases, the term ‘subordinate’ is also used to refer to the words which modify the head; e.g. in all the very big cars, all the very big is subordinate to cars, and very is subordinate to big.


语法分析术语,指联接语言单位的一种过程或结果;使连接单位有不同的句法地位,一个依赖于另一个,一般是依赖于另一个的一个组构成分。从属语有时与主导语对立。(就此而言,主从连接区别于并列连接,后者连接两个等价单位。)在向心短语中,“从属语”指修饰中心语的词语;例如all the very big cars“所有那些很大的汽车”,其中all the very big 是cars“汽车”的从属语,very“很”又是big“大”的从属语。